The Official List of the Order of Precedence of the Republic of the Philippines (May 2016)

     The Order of Precedence is a sequential hierarchy of nominal importance of items. Precedence establishes the order or ranking of a country’s government, military, and, in some cases, civic leaders for diplomatic, ceremonial, and social events, at home and abroad. It is the priority of place based on superiority of rank. In protocol, the observance of precedence is important as it indicates basic recognition and respect for rank and seniority. Often it is the primary source of goodwill among diplomats and officials.

     One’s position in an order of precedence is not necessarily an indication of functional importance, but rather an indication of ceremonial or historical relevance; for instance, it may dictate where dignitaries are seated at formal dinners.

       A breach of the Order of Precedence is a diplomatic faux pas that could affect diplomatic relations of states and the conduct of official functions of dignitaries. It can greatly affect the political, economic and socio-cultural relations of the states involve. Before, the absence of precedence resulted to wars which lasted for centuries which claimed millions of lives and drained the national treasury of nations. To solve these problems, several conventions and conferences were held; these were the Congress of Vienna of 1815***, Concert of Europe***, Convention Regarding Diplomatic Officers of 1928 in Havana, Cuba, and the Vienna Conventions on Diplomatic Relations of 1961 and Consular Relations of 1963.

The Republic of the Philippines’ Order of Precedence lists the ceremonial order for domestic and foreign government officials, military and civic leaders at diplomatic, ceremonial, and social events within the Philippines and abroad. The Order of Precedence is according to the defined rules of International Law, Conventions and Conferences where the Philippines is a party. In-charge of implementing this Order of Precedence is the Malacanang Chief of Protocol and the DFA Assistant Secretary for Protocol and State Visits. It  is only used to indicate ceremonial protocol and has no legal standing; it does not reflect the presidential line of succession or the equal status of the branches of government under the Constitution.

***The Congress of Vienna of 1815 and the Concert of Europe do not specifically tackled the problem on the Order of Precedence, they were just merely included as part of the problems in the conduct of Diplomatic Relations.

OFFICIAL PRECEDENCE LIST OF THE REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES

The President – Benigno Simeon C. Aquino, III

The Vice President – Jejomar C. Binay

Former Presidents of the Philippines:

President of the Senate – Franklin M. Drilon (16 Years)

Speaker of the House of Representatives – Feliciano R. Belmonte,Jr.

Chief Justice of the Supreme Court – Ma. Lourdes P. A. Sereno

Secretary of Foreign Affairs and Presidential Adviser for International Relations – Albert F. del Rosario

Dean of the Diplomatic Corps – Archbishop Giussepe Pinto

Foreign Ambassadors Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary (in order of the presentation of their credentials)

Executive Secretary – Paquito N. Ochoa,Jr.

Secretary to the Cabinet (Malacañang Chief-of-Staff) – Jose Rene R. Almendras

Secretary of Finance – Cesar V. Purisima

Secretary of Justice – Emmanuel L. Caparas

Secretary of Agriculture – Proceso J. Alcala

Secretary of Public Works and Highways – Rogelio L. Singson

Secretary of Education – Brother Armin Luistro, FSC

Secretary of Labor and Employment – Rosalinda D. Baldoz

Secretary of National Defense – Voltaire T. Gazmin

Secretary of Health – Janette P. Loreta-Garin

Secretary of Trade and Industry – Adrian S. Cristobal, Jr.

Secretary of Social Welfare and Development – Corazon J. Soliman

Secretary of Agrarian Reform – Virgilio R. De Los Reyes

Secretary of Environment and Natural Resources – Ramon Jesus P. Paje

Secretary of Interior and Local Government – Mel Senen Sarmiento

Secretary of Tourism – Ramon R. Jimenez,Jr.

Secretary of Transportation and Communication – Joseph Emilio Abaya

Secretary of Science and Technology – Mario G. Montejo

Secretary of Budget and Management – Florencio B. Abad

Secretary of Energy – Zenaida Y. Monsada

Foreign Envoys Extraordinary and Ministers Plenipotentiary

Director General of National Economic and Development Authority – Dr. Emmanuel Esguerra

Presidential Spokesperson – Edwin Lacierda

Director-General of the National Security Council – Cesar P. Garcia, Jr.

Chief Presidential Legal Counsel – Erdelyne Go (Officer-in-Charge)

Presidential Adviser on the Peace Process – Teresita Quintos-Deles

Commission on Higher Education – Patricia B. Licuanan

Metropolitan Manila Development Authority – Emerson S. Carlos

Presidential Communications Operations Office – Herminio B. Coloma, Jr.

Presidential Communications Development and Strategic Planning Office – Manuel L. Quezon, III

Presidential Legislative Liaison Office – (vacant)

National Anti-Poverty Commission – Jose Eliseo M. Rocamora

Mindanao Development Authority – Luwalhati R. Antonino

Political Adviser – Ronaldo M. Llamas

National Commission on Muslim Filipinos – Yasmin Busran – Lao

Solicitor General – Florin Hilbay

Other Cabinet Rank Officials:

  • Technical Education and Skills Development Authority – Irene M. Isaac
  • Governance Commission for GOCCs – Cesar L. Villanueva
  • Presidential Assistant for Environment – Neric O. Acosta
  • Presidential Assistant for Food Security and Agricultural Modernization – Fredelita C. Guiza
  • Climate Change Commission – Emmanuel M. De Guzman
  • Commission on Filipino Overseas – Imelda M. Nicolas

Members of the Senate (23 Senators**) (according to seniority in length of service)

Senate President Pro-Tempore – Ralph G. Recto (12 Years)

Majority Floor Leader – Alan Peter S. Cayetano (9 Years)

Senate Minority Floor Leader – Juan Ponce M. Enrile (21 Years)

YEARS IN OFFICE BY MAY 2016

  1. Gregorio B. Honasan, II – 18 years
  2. Sergio R. Osmeña, III – 18 years
  3. Vicente C. Sotto, III – 18 years
  4. Miriam Defensor-Santiago – 16 years
  5. Loren B. Legarda – 15 years
  6. Pia S. Cayetano – 12 years
  7. Jinggoy Ejercito Estrada – 12 years
  8. Manuel M. Lapid – 12 years
  9. Ramon B. Revilla, Jr. – 12 years
  10. Francis G. Escudero – 9 years
  11. Aquilino Martin DL. Pimentel, III – 9 years***
  12. Antonio F. Trillanes, IV – 9 years
  13. Teofisto Guingona, III – 6 years
  14. Ferdinand R. Marcos, Jr.  – 6 years
  15. Juan Edgardo M. Angara – 3 years
  16. Paolo Benigno Aquino, IV – 3 years
  17. Maria Lourdes Nancy S. Binay – 3 years
  18. Joseph Victor G. Ejercito – 3 years
  19. Grace L. Poe – Llamanzares – 3 years
  20. Cynthia A. Villar – 3 years

***Senator Pimentel, III is still accredited with 6 years in his first term since he officially won in the 2007 Midterm Elections. He was proclaimed by the Senate Electoral Tribunal on August 11, 2011. Originally, his seat was occupied by Senator Juan Miguel Zubiri from Bukidnon until his resignation in 2011. There was a massive election fraud allegedly done by the camp of former President Gloria Macapagal – Arroyo which led to his resignation.

Deputy Speakers

Majority Leader

Minority Leader

Members of House of Representatives (according to seniority in length of service)

Associate Justices of the Supreme Court (according to seniority)

BY THE DATE OF APPOINTMENT TO THE HIGH TRIBUNAL

  1. Justice Antonio T. Carpio – October 26, 2001
  2. Justice Presbitero J. Velasco, Jr. – March 31, 2006
  3. Justice Teresita J. Leonardo – De Castro – December 4, 2007
  4. Justice Arturo D. Brion – March 17, 2008
  5. Justice Diosdado M. Peralta – January 13, 2009
  6. Justice Lucas P. Bersamin – April 3, 2009
  7. Justice Mariano C. Del Castillo – July 29, 2009
  8. Justice Jose P. Perez – December 26, 2009
  9. Justice Jose C. Mendoza – January 4, 2010
  10. Justice Bienvenido L. Reyes – August 23, 2011
  11. Justice Estela M. Perlas-Bernabe – September 16, 2011
  12. Justice Mario Victor F. Leonen – November 21, 2012
  13. Justice Francis H. Jardeleza – August 19, 2014
  14. Justice Alfredo Benjamin S. Caguioa – January 23, 2016

The Commissioners of Constitutional Commissions

Members of the Council of State who are not Cabinet Members

Acting Heads of the Departments & Former Vice Presidents of the Philippines

The Undersecretaries of Foreign Affairs:

  • Undersecretary for Administration – Amb. Linglingay F. Lacanlale
  • Undersecretary for International Economic Relations – Amb. Laura Q. del Rosario
  • Undersecretary for Migrant and Workers Affairs – Amb. Jesus I. Yabes
  • Undersecretary for Policy – Amb. Evan P. Garcia
  • Undersecretary for Civilian Security and Consular Concerns – Amb. Rafael E. Seguis

Ambassadors of the Philippines assigned to foreign posts (Alphabetical Order of Country Assignments)

Undersecretaries of the Department, including the Assistant Executive Secretaries (According to the Precedence of Department Secretaries)

Assistant Secretaries of Departments, Directors-General & Chiefs of Mission I & II of the Department of Foreign Affairs

Governor of Central Bank – Amando M. Tetangco,Jr.

Foreign Charges d’ Affaires de missi, Foreign Charge d’ Affairs ad interim

Mayor of Manila – Joseph E. Estrada (being a former President of the Republic of the Philippines, said rank precedes his position as Mayor of Manila)

Court of Appeals  – Presiding Justice Andres B. Reyes,Jr.

President of the University of the Philippines – Alfredo E. Pascual

AFP Chief of Staff – General Hernando Iriberri, AFP

Heads of permanent United Nations Agencies in the Philippines, who hold the rank of Director

Provincial Governors (Alphabetical Order / Seniority in the length of service)

AFP Vice Chief of Staff – Lieutenant General Romeo Tanalgo

Foreign Ministers-Counsellors, Counsellors of Embassies, Consul General, Foreign Military Attachés with the rank of Major General or Rear Admiral, and Officers of equivalent rank of the Armed Forces of the Philippines

Judges of the Regional Trial Court (according to seniority)

First Secretaries of Foreign Embassies, Foreign Military Attachés with the rank of Brigadier General or Commodore & Officers of equivalent rank of the Armed Forces of the Philippines

Mayors of chartered cities

Directors/Commissioners of Bureau & Chief of Offices

Presidents, Chairmen  & Managers of government corporations

Second Secretaries  & Consuls of Foreign Embassies, Foreign Military Attachés with the rank of Colonel or Lieutenant Colonel, and Officers of equivalent rank of the Armed Forces of the Philippines

Third Secretaries & Vice-Consuls of Foreign Embassies, Foreign Military Attachés with the rank of Major or Captain & Officers of equivalent rank of the Armed Forces of the Philippines

References:

 

8 thoughts on “The Official List of the Order of Precedence of the Republic of the Philippines (May 2016)

  1. jath says:

    Alfredo lim vacated his position in 2007 and in 2010 the vacated position is already filled with the election of 12 senators …..Noynoy vacated his position due to his election to the presidency his is due until 2013

    Like

  2. Mark Delumen says:

    Hello Sir,

    Your blog on the Order of Precedence is really useful. I just hope you come up with an updated one post May 2013 national elections. Also would like to add that the head of the Climate Change Commission has a cabinet rank. CCC is under the Office of the President and is headed by Secretary Mary Ann Lucille L. Sering.

    Thank you and God bless always!

    Like

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